Main basilicas of Rome with S. John, the cathedral of Rome, mother of all churches that in the middle ages was the residence of the Popes. The Borromini’s interior dates from the 17th century and reflects the baroque style. Saint Mary Major, with its beautiful Cosmatesque marble floor, the coffered ceiling dating from the renaissance, the Romanesque bell tower, finds its origins in the legend of the snow that goes back to 356 A.D. during the papacy of Pope Liberius. S. Paul outside the walls with the medallions representing all the Popes we’ve had so far. The fine marble canopy over the main altar designed by Arnolfo di Cambio by the end of the 13th century and on its right is the Paschal candlestick by Pietro Cavallini. The church nowadays is s faithful reconstruction of the 4th century basilica destroyed by a fire in 1823. The Catacombs, the underground Christian cemeteries outside the city walls, digged into volcanic tufa with the dead placed in niches.
On 4 hours basis
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